Prevalence and Determinants of Immediate and Long-Term PTSD Consequences of Coronavirus-Related (CoV-1 and CoV-2) Pandemics among Healthcare Professionals: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

February 23, 2021

Buthaina al Falasi, Mouza al Mazrouei, Mai al Ali, Maithah al Dhamani, Aisha al Ali, Mariam al Kindi, Murat Dalkilinc, Mai al Qubaisi, Luciana Aparecida Campos,Hashel al Tunaiji, Ovidiu Constantin Baltatu

International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health

The objective of this systematic review was to investigate the prevalence and determinants in healthcare professionals of immediate and long-term PTSD because of the COVID-19 (CoV-2) and SARS-2003 (CoV-1) pandemics.Eight studies were chosen, of which 6 reported PTSD symptoms among healthcare professionals during the COVID-19 pandemic, in China (3), Singapore (1), India (1), and the United States of America (USA) (2); and two studies during the SARS-2003 pandemic in China (1) and Singapore (1).The registered prevalences of PTSD were higher for the pandemic associated with SARS-CoV-2, being USA (60.2%) and China (25.1-71.5%) being the highest registered prevalences. The most correlated determinants were age, being a woman, time of work experience, working on the front line, frequency of contact with patients with COVID-19, hours of work/week, lack of access to adequate PPE, positive cases for COVID-19 over 20,000, and others.Regarding long-term PTSD, Wu et al. reported a prevalence of 10% 3 years after the SARS-2003 pandemic. Being the most correlated determinants: being in quarantine during the outbreak, age less than 35 years, a history of high occupational exposure, and an infected family member or friend.From the results obtained, it was concluded that a rigorous investigation is necessary to measure the prevalence of PTSD and its associated risk factors (adjusted OR) for the CoV-2 pandemic, achieving a comprehensive understanding and improving the prevention, diagnosis, and management of this.

Al Falasi B, Al Mazrouei M, Al Ali M, Al Dhamani M, Al Ali A, Al Kindi M, Dalkilinc M, Al Qubaisi M, Campos LA, Al Tunaiji H, Baltatu OC. Prevalence and Determinants of Immediate and Long-Term PTSD Consequences of Coronavirus-Related (CoV-1 and CoV-2) Pandemics among Healthcare Professionals: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Int J Environ Res Public Health. Doi: 10.3390/ijerph18042182.

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