Psychological consequences of quarantine and social isolation during COVID-19 pandemic

October 10, 2020

Broche-Pérez Yunier, Fernández-Castillo Evelyn, Reyes Luzardo Darlyn Alejandra

Revista Cubana de Salud Pública

The most frequently reported manifestations were emotional disorders such as: depression, stress, apathy, irritability, insomnia, post-traumatic stress disorder, anger and emotional exhaustion, with a higher risk in people between 16 and 24 years old, with a low level of education, belonging to the female sex, having only one child, living alone and the existence of a history of mental illness.Health personnel were found especially vulnerable to high levels of mental exhaustion, irritability, insomnia, concentration difficulties, serious difficulties in making work decisions and poor work performance. In the long term, a greater vulnerability was found to develop post-traumatic stress disorder.Children and adolescents who had to go through a period of quarantine showed scores three times higher than the average when they were given a test to check for symptoms of post-traumatic stress, children are more likely to develop acute stress disorders, adjustment disorder and approximately 30% of them develop post-traumatic stress disorder, these reactions are usually aggravated when the child is separated from their caregivers.The evidence indicates that the establishment of quarantine periods, although it is an essential measure, brings with it psychological consequences that must be recognized and treated in a timely manner, since there is a restriction of the freedom of people, which causes important psychological manifestations that can impact negatively on the overall well-being of individuals.

Broche-Pérez Yunier, Fernández-Castillo Evelyn, Reyes Luzardo Darlyn Alejandra. Consecuencias psicológicas de la cuarentena y el aislamiento social durante la pandemia de COVID-19. Rev Cubana Salud Pública [Internet]. 2020 [citado 2021 Feb 17] ; 46( Suppl 1 ): e2488. Disponible en: Epub 20-Nov-2020.